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Vikings (Fernsehserie)Ragnar Lothbrok ist ein Nordmann aus Kattegat. Er selbst soll ein direkter Nachfahre von. Ragnar Lodbrok (anord. Ragnarr Loðbrók; † ) war ein sagenberühmter Wikinger. Er gehörte dem. Ragnar Lodbrok war ein Wikinger und König in Dänemark, der im frühen 9. Jahrhundert gelebt haben soll. Er ist ein Held in der nordischen Vorzeitsagaliteratur und soll unter anderem Vater von Sigurd, Björn, Hálfdan, Ivar und Ubba Ragnarsson gewesen.
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It reads: "This howe was built a long time before Lodbrok's. Her sons, they were bold; scarcely ever were there such tall men of their hands".
The Siege of Paris and the Sack of Paris of was the culmination of a Viking invasion of the kingdom of the West Franks. The Viking forces were led by a Norse chieftain named "Reginherus", or Ragnar.
According to William, the Danish kings of old had the custom to expel the younger sons from the kingdom to have them out of the way.
At a time it happened that King Lodbrok succeeded his unnamed father on the Danish throne. After gaining power he honoured the said custom and ordered his junior son Björn Ironside to leave his realm.
Björn thus left Denmark with a considerable fleet and started to ravage in West Francia and later the Mediterranean.
In a passage referring to the Viking raids of the late 9th century, he mentions the Danish or Norse pirates Horich, Orwig, Gotafrid, Rudolf and Inguar Ivar.
This Ivar is in particular seen as a cruel persecutor of Christians, and a son of Lodbrok Inguar, filius Lodparchi. According to the contemporary Anglo-Saxon Chronicle and Asser 's Life of Alfred , in the "brother of Hingwar and Healfden", with a naval fleet, a contingent of the Great Heathen Army invaded Devon in England and fought the Battle of Cynwit.
There the Vikings lost, their king slain and many dead, with few escaping to their ships. After the battle the Saxons took great plunder, and among other things the banner called "Raven".
They say, moreover, that in every battle, wherever the flag went before them, if they were to gain the victory a live crow would appear flying on the middle of the flag; but if they were doomed to be defeated it would hang down motionless, and this was often proved to be so.
The two younger sons of Halfdan, King of Lochlann , expelled the eldest son Ragnall who sailed to the Orkney islands with his three sons and settled there.
Two of the sons later raided the English and Franks , proceeding to plunder in the Mediterranean. One of them learnt from a vision that Ragnall had fought a battle where the third son had been slain and in which he himself had most likely perished.
The two Viking sons then returned home with a lot of dark-skinned captives. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , the Danes battled the West Saxons nine times, including the Battle of Ashdown on 8 January , where Bagsecg was killed.
He may also have been a King of part of Denmark Jutland? His son Erik became the next king of Sweden, and was succeeded in turn by Erik Refilsson , the son of Refil.
Whereas Ragnar's sons Ivar the Boneless, Halfdan Ragnarsson, Björn Ironside, Ubbe and Sigurd Snake-in-the-Eye are historical figures, opinion regarding their father is divided.
Contemporary academia regards most of the stories about him to be fiction. According to Hilda Ellis Davidson , writing in ,. Certain scholars in recent years have come to accept at least part of Ragnar's story as based on historical fact.
Although his sons are historical figures, there is no evidence that Ragnar himself ever lived and he seems to be an amalgam of historical figures and literary invention.
In her commentary on Saxo's Gesta Danorum , Davidson notes that Saxo's coverage of Ragnar's legend in book IX of the Gesta appears to be an attempt to consolidate many of the confusing and contradictory events and stories known to the chronicler into the reign of one king, Ragnar.
That is why many acts ascribed to Ragnar in the Gesta can be associated, through other sources, with various figures, some of whom are more historically tenable.
Attempts to reliably associate the legendary Ragnar with one or several of those men have failed because of the difficulty in reconciling the various accounts and their chronology.
But the tradition of a Viking hero named Ragnar or similar who wreaked havoc in mid-9th-century Europe and who fathered many famous sons is remarkably persistent, and some aspects of it are strengthened by relatively reliable sources, such as Irish historical tradition and, indirectly, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The Viking Age Vol. The Viking Age Series. Retrieved 1 June Gutenberg Project version , published 13 Dec Retrieved 21 April London: Viking Society for Northern Research, p.
London: Dent, p. Ragnar Lothbrok Article Media Additional Info. Home World History Military Leaders Ragnar Lothbrok Viking hero.
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Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. Our Ragnar is part the Ragnar of the chronicles, part the saga hero but most of all he is the embodiment of the extraordinary effect the arrival of Viking raiders had on the ninth century European mind.
From the Chronicles we have taken the fear, the surprise attacks, the ruthless, merciless savagery. At home we have drawn on the later sagas to portray a real man behind the monstrous image conjured by monks, a man with a family and problems of his own.
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Many believe the Celtic hero was a real person, while others think his origin story is just a legendary tale that has evolved over time.
Black History. This may well have been a case of Christian proselytism, as the Saxo Grammaticus contends Ragnar was not slain, but in fact went on to terrorise the shores of Ireland in , and began a settlement not far from Dublin.
In those ensuing years, Ragnar would supposedly raid the breadth of Ireland, and the north-west coast of England. Ragnar in the pit of snakes. It would seem therefore that his death at the hands of Aella in a pit of snakes has its roots in myth rather than history, for it seems probable that Ragnar perished sometime between and during his travels along the Irish Sea.
Of his sons, significantly more evidence exists as to their authenticity — Ivar the Boneless, Halfdan Ragnarsson and Bjorn Ironside are all genuine figures in history.
Could these Viking warriors really have been the sons of Ragnar Lothbrok, or were they claiming lineage to the legendary name in order to increase their own status?
Perhaps a bit of both. In , the Great Heathen Army landed in Anglia, where they killed Edmund the Martyr in Thetford, before moving northwards and besieging the city of York , where King Aella met his death.
Following years of raids, this would mark the beginning of a nearly two-hundred-year period of Norse occupation in the east and north of England.
Death of Edmund the Martyr.Next article. The Cambridge Illustrated Atlas of Warfare: the Middle Ages. In spite of all his praise for Ragnar Lodbrok, Saxo also considers his fate as Zirkus Althoff Stuttgart rightful vengeance for the contempt he had shown the Christian religion.